The World Bank Group’s Doing Business report has consistently ranked the United Kingdom as one of the most business-friendly countries in the world (No. 7 in 2018, with the highest ranking of No. 4 in 2011). Despite concerns about how Brexit would affect the health of its economy, the United Kingdom ranked first – for the first time – in Forbes’ 12th annual survey of the Best Countries for Business.
Therefore, it is no surprise that the process of setting up a company in the country is simple and affordable – even if you are not a resident of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland or Wales. The same legal requirements and application process applies to everyone who applies to set up a company with Companies House (the United Kingdom’s registrar of companies).
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The majority of businesses register as one out of these three options:
Sole traders. This is the simplest and most hassle-free option. It involves some accounting responsibilities on your part. The downside is that you have unlimited liability for all of your business’s debts. A sole trader is not a company, but an individual who is performing business activities in his or her own name. However, a sole trader business can operate under a business/trade name and employ other people to work for it.
Limited companies. With a limited company, your personal finances will be separated from your business’s finances. However, this involves additional reporting and management responsibilities. You can still set up a limited company on your own, but most entrepreneurs will seek the assistance of a professional accountant.
Partnerships. This is the simplest way for two or more people to manage a business together. All partners will share the responsibility for the business’s debts; accounting responsibilities are involved.
Before you proceed with registering your business in the United Kingdom, you need to ensure that you fulfil the following requirements:
A minimum of one director and one shareholder is required (the same person can be appointed to both positions)
If you are establishing a limited company, you will need to have a unique and appropriate company name
The details of anyone with significant control over your company (e.g. someone with 25% shares or voting rights)
For companies with two or more shareholders, you will need a ‘memorandum of association’ (a legal statement signed by all the initial shareholders, stating their agreement to form the company) and ‘articles of association’ (the rules for how the company will be managed, signed by all the shareholders, directors, and the company secretary)
Your standard industrial classification of economic activities (SIC) code
A registered office address in the same United Kingdom jurisdiction where the company will be incorporated. This address will be placed on public record and by government agencies to deliver statutory mail and legal notices
If you will be running your business from your home, you may have to obtain permission from your landlord or mortgage provider, the local planning office, and/or the local council
If you will be renting a property for your business, you need to carry out a health and safety risk assessment and provide a safe and healthy workplace environment
You may have to obtain licences or permits for certain types of business activities
Fulfil your insurance responsibilities, and obey the relevant rules if you plan to sell goods online, import goods, export goods, or store/use personal information
Fulfil the necessary requirements if you plan to employ full-time employees, agency workers, or freelancers
You can register your company the old-fashioned way, by submitting a Companies House paper application by post. Most entrepreneurs opt for the convenience of submitting an online application through the Companies House Web Incorporation Service or via the assistance of reputable company formation agents. You can also obtain financial help and advice from applicable government-backed schemes.
Company formation agents are the easiest and fastest way to form a company in the United Kingdom. If you submit all the necessary paperwork and information, they can have your applications approved in only 3-6 working hours. You will not need to travel to the United Kingdom or speak to anyone on the telephone. You can simply upload the relevant documents electronically and create a unique online signature to authorise your registration.
There are several benefits to using the services of a company formation agent (apart from the affordability, cost savings, efficiency, and convenience). Many of these agents offer additional services such as mail forwarding services, free consultations with an accountant, a free expert pre-submission review of your application, and a free trial for a telephone answering service/virtual office. Since company formation agents execute hundreds of company formations each week, you can be assured that they will be familiar with all the bureaucratic nuances of the process, as well as protect your business interests and confidentiality.